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В своей практике учителя регулярно обращаются к тестированию. Нам также нужно постоянно следить за прогрессом студентов и стараться его оценить. Из этого вебинара вы сможете узнать о ключевых терминах и принципах в оценивании и тестировании. Он будет полезен как для тех, кто проводит тесты, так и для тех, кто их составляет.

Для вашего удобства мы также публикуем краткий конспект вебинара на английском языке. Вы можете обратиться к нему как до, так и после просмотра.

 

UNDERSTANDING ASSESSMENT: WHAT EVERY TEACHER SHOULD KNOW

  • Students and teachers tend to have a 'love-hate relationship' with tests: they see them as useful learning tools, but they do not always like them and/or know how to use them correctly.

Value of assessment literacy

  • For students: high-quality tests assess learning

  • For teachers: Developing/evaluating/selecting tests that make a positive impact on learning

Key concepts in assessment

! Validity (general, overreaching concept)

Is the test measuring what it claims to be measuring?

6 elements of validity + key questions

  • Test purpose

Why am I testing?

Test purpose defines every other element of test design.

  • Test takers

Who am I testing?

Possible options:

- Primary school children

- Teenagers

- Adults

- Doctors/pilots etc.

The test needs to be appropriate and relevant for test takers.

  • Test construct

What am I testing?

Possible options:

- Communicative language ability?

- Speaking ability?

- Grammatical knowledge?

The ability a test tries to measure = test CONSTRUCT

  • Test tasks

How am I testing the construct?

Test tasks = the way in which we elicit and measure the construct.

For example:

- Grammar and vocabulary: multiple choice?

- Writing ability: what exactly will the students write? e.g. a short email?

  • Test and scoring reliability

How am I scoring the test?

- Using trained teachers?

- Using assessment criteria?

To put it in other words, it is about making sure the scores in a test reflect test takers' actual ability.

  • Test impact

How is my test benefiting learners?

- Through using AUTHENTIC tasks?

- Through formative feedback on performance?

! Validity does not exist in a vacuum. 

A test is never just valid, it is VALID FOR A PURPOSE

GOOD TESTS ARE THOSE THAT:

  • test what they set out to test = have CONSTRUCT VALIDITY

  • produce scores which can be trusted = have RELIABILITY

  • support learning = have a POSITIVE IMPACT

  • are PRACTICAL to develop and deliver